The Theme of Racism in Peter Abraham Tell Freedom and Mine Boy

THE THEME OF RACISM IN PETER ABRAHAM’S TELL FREEDOM AND MINE BOY

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ABSTRACT

This research work examines the theme of Racism in Peter Abraham’s Tell Freedom and Mine Boy. From the analysis of the novels, the study shows that racism has been considered as a hindrance to the Blacks who live in South Africa. The study has also shown that the white who are even the minority oppress and discriminate against the Blacks because of racism.

The authors therefore portray these problems of the Blacks like poverty, economic problems, political and social problems of the masses, less privilege and the poor. Again, the study also shows that, the Blacks die of starvation while some contract diseases and sent away without pay. Consequences, this make their fellow Blacks fight for what is called the survival of the fittest as they protest through resistance to oppression in the novels.

The Theme of Racism in Peter Abraham Tell Freedom and Mine Boy

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Different novelists explore different themes, depending on the prevailing circumstances of their time. These circumstances could be related to cultural oppression, socio-political disillusionment and racial segregation between the whites and the blacks. It is on the point that the background to the research is to examine the theme of racism in Peter Abraham’s Tell Freedom and Mine Boy.

The author portrays how the evil of racism affect the blacks South Africans. They were humiliated, oppressed, discriminated and disillusioned in the hands of the whites. Abrahams point to the welfare of the blacks as they were exploited so badly and forced to lives separately in the hot tenements, while the white. Lives in an apartment in a very conducive environment.

All these afflictions imposed on the blacks is as a result of colonialism, when the white oppressors came to some parts in African states and treated the Africans as animals because they sees Africans as nothing and that: is the main reason they did not cater for them. The author portrays how South Africans suffered racial discrimination, frustration and poverty from the hands of the white masters.

Furthermore, over the years, research have shown that, after the second world war II ended in 1945, the evil of racism that had played black South Africans for decades became institutionalized when the national party came into power in 1948. All the white African government institutes the system of apartheid which produces laws that required racial segregation and imposed by the regime.

On the other Alex La Guma, one of the South Africans writers portrays the evil of racism in his novel, A Walk in the Night. He portrays nothing but the effect of racism between the world of the white man and the black man. In the same vein, throughout the 1960s, the blacks South Africans were forced into segregated township outside the major cities of South Africa, such cities like Johannesburg, Cape Town and Jurtian. For fiction writers and authors of creative non-fictions who sought to speak out against the policies of apartheid in South Africa, this makes their publication possibilities became very limited.

In such instances, and numerous play writers saw their works handed in their home country, South Africa. According to Abrahams, these issues of racism and racial oppression in South Africa occur during colonialism. This forms the basic point of this research work that focuses on the theme of racism in Peter Abraham’s Tell Freedom and Mine Boy.

The Theme of Racism in Peter Abraham Tell Freedom and Mine Boy

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Racism is one of the problems that affect the black natives of South Africans as portrays by Abraham’s Tell Freedom and Mine Boy. These problems are racial oppression and racial segregation that the whites impose on the blacks.

 

1.3     Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine the theme of racism in Peter Abraham’s Tell Freedom and Mine Boy. This research shall further discuss the effects of racism on Blacks and its origin in South Africa.

1.4     Significance of the Study

The significance of this research work will the on the benefits to the entire African society. It shall equally be significant to students of English and Literary studies as well as other researchers who may read the works.

 

1.5     Objectives of the Study

The objectives of this research work are as follows:

  • to examine the theme of racism and it’s effect on the Blacks in Abraham’s Tell Freedom and Mine Boy.
  • to investigate the causes of racism in African countries.
  • to identify and profound solutions to racism in South Africa.

 

1.6     Research Methodology

The research methodology is primary and secondary research methods. The primary source in the main text books for the project, while the secondary source is the use of critical worlds, library books, literary journals and internet.

The Theme of Racism in Peter Abraham Tell Freedom and Mine Boy

1.7     Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of this research work will be limited to Peter Abraham’s Tell Freedom and Mine Boy. This is to provide details of the work and concentration within the time frame allotted to the project.

1.8     Bio-Data of the Study

Peter Henry Abrahams Deras was born on 3rd March, 1919 at Vrededorp, South Africa. He died on 18 January, 2017 at the age of 97 years. His father was from Ethiopia and his mother was coloured. In 1939 Abraham’s left South Africa and worked first as a sailor and then as a journalist in London. Hoping to make his writer, he faced considerable challenges as a South, carol polsgrove (2009).

Abrahams settled in Jamacia in 1956. In 1994, he was awarded the Gold medal for his writings and journalism by the institute of Jamaica. Abraham’s was one of the four most African prominent writers whose works deal with political and social issues, especially with racism and apartheid. Abrahams was found dead at his home town in Saint Andrew Parish, Jamaica, on 18th January, 2017 aged 97 years. According to research Abrahams was a victim of fowl play. A local 61 years old man Norman Tomlinson, was later charged with murder. His works include:

Dark Testament                          (1942)

Song of the City                         (1945)

The Path of Thunder                   (1945)

Wild Conquest                            (1953)

A Wreath for Udomo                   (1954)

A Night of their Own                  (1965)

This Island Now                         (1966)

The View from Coyaba      (1985)

The Black Experience in the 2Oth: An Autobiography

And Meditation                          (2000)

Reality Check                             (2009).

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