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Title Page     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        i

Declaration   –        –        –        –        –        –        –                  ii

Certification  –        –        –        –        –        –        –                  iii

Dedication    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iv

Acknowledgements  –        –        –        –        –        –                  v

Abstract       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vi

Table of Contents    –        –        –        –        –        –                  vii


1.1     Background to the Study   –        –        –        –                  1

1.2     Statement of the Problem  –        –        –        –                  2

1.3     Purpose of the Study         –        –        –        –        –        3

1.4     Significance of the Study   –        –        –        –                  3

1.5     Research Questions –        –        –        –        –                  3


1.6     Limitation of the Study      –        –        –        –        –        4

1.7     Delimitation of the Study   –        –        –        –                  4

1.8     Definition of Terms  –        –        –        –        –                  5



2.1     Home Environment –        –        –        –        –        –        6

2.2     Parental Education and Academic Performance

of Student    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        9

2.3     Learning Environment as a Condition Towards

Effective English Language –        –        –        –        –        11


2.4     Parental Occupation and Students Academic

Performance –        –        –        –        –        –        –        13

2.5     Prevalent Language of Communication in the

Child’s Home          –        –        –        –        –        –        20

2.6     Level of Parental Involvement in their Children

Academic Achievement      –        –        –        –        –        27



3.1     Area of the Study    –        –        –        –        –        –        39

3.2     Research Design      –        –        –        –        –        –        40

3.3     Population of the Study     –        –        –        –        –        41

3.4     Sample and Sampling Techniques           –        –        –        42


3.5     The Instrument for the Study       –        –        –        –        43

3.6     Validation of the Instrument        –        –        –        –        44

3.7     Administration of Instrument       –        –        –        –        45

3.8     Method of Data Analysis    –        –        –        –        –        46




4.1     Data Presentation   –        –        –        –        –        –        47

4.2     Data Analysis          –        –        –        –        –        –        48

4.3     Discussion of Findings       –        –        –        –        –        49




5.1     Summary      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        50

5.2     Conclusion    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        52

5.3     Recommendations  –        –        –        –        –        –        53

References    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        54

Appendix      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        58




1.1 Background to the Study

The home is the primary institution for learning. Home as perceived by Christe (2019) is defined as a place which an individual or a family can rest and store personal property. Indeed, a home is a place where pupils live with their parents or guardian and it is the place where they are groomed. It is a place where the pupils begin to learn the norms and values of the society in which they find themselves.

The family is a social unit in any society and it is the source of early stimulation and experience in children (Collins, 2017). The home influences the child at the most earliest possible time of his life at a time when his mind is most receptive. It provides the first impression which may last through the whole life of the child.



However, the child often sees the parents, siblings and things in their immediate environment to be most significant and they are capable of promoting or diminishing him in self worth and academic performance (Ekanem, 2014).


Without reservation, he family has powerful effects on the child and its importance as a primary agent of socialization could in no doubt enhance or hinders the academic achievement of the child depending on the social climate in the family; variance in psycho-social emotional fortification in the family background could be an indicator to high or low academic performance of students, bearing in mind the intervening effects of high and low socio-economic status and emotional stability of pupils, which are pre-requites to academic performance (Adebule, 2014). This is because psychological problems are potential sources of trouble with learning. The influence of home environment on students performance in English Language.


It is therefore against these backgrounds that this study sought to determine influence of home variable on pupils academic performance in English Language in Onna Local Government Area.

Furthermore, in pupils’ homes variables have some factors that influence their academic performance, these include: parental educational background, occupation, economic status, marital status, home location and family size.

The home variable means the family background of the pupils, this includes all the human and materials resources present at the home that affect pupils education and living, such as the parent’s level of education, their occupation, socio-economic status and socializing facilities available in the house. Thus, the foundation education of the child depends upon these variables on which the other agents of socialization are built.

The education received by a child from the parents and significant others at home is most likely the significant and dominant effect on the behaviour of the child later in life. Thus, what the child learns at home and how his/her family motivates him/her towards education contributes to the child’s success or failure at school.


As a result of the need to train the young people, the Federal Government of Nigeria in 1976 produced a document, National Policy in Education (NPE), to guide and help the home and schools in bid to achieve this great task. The NPE contains the national objectives for education, Secondary School Education in particular. The influence of home environment on students performance in English Language.

The English Language performs many significant functions in Nigeria. These functions are diverse in nature and vary very widely from group to groups, individual to individual and social content to social content, with the above submissions, we can therefore conclude that English Language in Nigeria performs some significant functions. For instance, in the field of education, Treen (2014) also says that, the introduction of English as a subject in the last three years of the primary through higher education as a medium of instruction means that the Nigerian child’s access to the culture and scientific knowledge of the world is largely through English. It is based on this fact, that aroused the researcher’s interest to examine home variables and pupils academic performance in English Language in primary schools.


1.2     Statement of the Problem

Poor academic performance in English Language among secondary school students has constituted a serious problem and has become a cause for concern to most parents in different ways. The internal and external examination result in the period between 2000 and 2005 made parents anxious to know the performance of their children even when results were not released. It frustrates both the students and the teachers. Students become frustrated because they cannot cope with their final examinations to meet their proposed career.

However, government and school heads have been unable to provide adequate solution to the students’ poor academic performances. Parents have been partly blamed for failing to lay the right foundation in their children through informal education. This problem has contributed to the loss of reputation by affected higher institutions of learning in the era.


1.3     Purpose of the Study

The Study aims at examining the influence of Home Environment on students’ performance in English language. Specifically, the study is designed to:

(i)      determine whether parental educational background can influence students academic achievement;

(ii)      assess whether the parents socio-economic status can influence students achievement in English Language;

(iii)     determine whether homes type has any influence on academic achievement of students in English language.


1.4     Significance of the Study

This work has varied significance. Mostly, it will bring to public awareness, the influence of some home environments on academic achievement of students in English Language. The influence of home environment on students performance in English Language.

The study will determine whether home environment and English Language characteristics are relevant to students success in solving problems in English Language. The study will promote further research in this or related areas.


 1.5     Research Questions

This study attempts to provide answers to the following basic research questions:

(i)      How does parents educational background affect students academic achievement in English Language?

(ii)      To what extend does Home types influence academic achievement of students in English Language?


1.6     Limitation of the Study

In writing a research study of this nature, limitations are to occur:

(i)      time given for the completion of this study was inadequate to make research like this to have wider scope;

(ii)      financial constraint exerted a felt influence on the study as the researcher scarcely gathered enough financial resources to enable her expand the dimension of the study;

(iii)     some of the respondents were very reticent in disclosing or supplying the right options to the questionnaire items because they are regarded as intolerable materials with no action taken on such research findings.


Definition of Terms

The task of getting a universal acceptable definition of a particular word or concept is not an easy one. Consequently, the following will be taken as the definition to suit the purpose of this study.

(i)      Influence: In brief, this is the power to affect somebody’s character, beliefs or actions through examples like fear and ammonization.

(ii)     Academic Performance: In brief, this refers to the child’s examination scores on results in schools.

(iii)    Culture: This is the total way of life of people, their behavior, patterns and technology passed down from one generation to another.


(iv)    Family: This is the basic unit of social life which provide for the bearing and rearing of children. It refers to the members of the household who are related to a specific degree through blood, adoption on marriage.

(v)     Variable: In brief, this is an attribute that varies with time and condition

(vi)    Family Variable: This includes parental educational background, interest and socio-economic status.

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