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An Assessment of the Availability and Utilization of Instructional Materials in Basic Literacy Programme

An Assessment of the Availability and Utilization of Instructional Materials in Basic Literacy Programme

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

The influence of instructional materials is promoting adult Learners’ academic performance, teaching and learning in educational development is certain. The teaching of adult in Nigerian adult education programme need to be properly handled. The materials used by facilitators to facilitate and drive home their points at the adult education programme of our education system is incontrovertibly a paramount important issue in practical classroom interaction and successful transfer of knowledge from the facilitators to the learners. Instructional materials are materials which assist teachers to make their lessons explicit to learners. These materials serve as supplement to the normal processes of instruction.

    Instructional materials include; visuals, audio, and audio-visuals materials such as pictures, flash-cards, posters, charts, tape recorder, radio, video, television, computers among others (Abdullahi, 2015). These materials serve as a supplement to the normal process of instruction. (Osafehniti, 2013),points out that concrete or physical object which provides sound, visual or both the sense organ during teaching-learning process.

          Teachers should use different instructional materials to motivate the learners to learn more effectively. Cronbac (2015), opined that, the use of instructional materials during teaching and learning process can appeal to the individual’s attention among students by creating interest in order to attain the goal for the learner. He also noted that, the use of instructional materials can facilitate the decision of a person towards learning by taking the right actions.

          Awotua-Efebo(2011), the success in the skill and knowledge acquisition in an instructional situation depends on the suitability of the instructional materials, adequacy and effective utilization of the available materials. Olaitan and Agusiobo (2012) also, the relevance of instructional materials to the objectives of the lesson and the ease of use of the instructional materials utilization to better the learners performance. Many facilitators go to classroom to tech adult learners as liberal arts without any materials to assist them or the learners.

Literature in methodology of teaching or pedagogy and instructional communication have explained and illustrated the effectiveness of instructional materials. As a tool for improving learners performance in the learning of difficult concepts. (Ibe-Bassey, 2011; Etim, 2012; Ikot 2018) in spite of the roles of instructional materials in facilitating learning. Learners have failed to acquire the needed knowledge and skills in adult education programmes.

 

An Assessment of the Availability and Utilization of Instructional Materials in Basic Literacy Programme

 

Statement of the Problem

Statistics has shown that most of our adult education centers’ facilitators no longer make use of instructional materials when teaching. Nevertheless, this have a negative effect on the academic performance of the learners.

However, without the use of instructional materials, learning becomes boring to the learners and they can easily lost interest. When there is nothing like instructional materials to motivate them to learn. So whatever the teacher is teaching them they cannot assimilate it easily.

Again when instructional materials are not use when teaching it makes the learners to be passive they don’t have the chance to participate in class activities. Therefore, they mainly becomes passive listeners and this reduces their thinking ability. Thus, they are unable to reason out things on their own. Statistic has also shown that most adult education center lack this instructional materials in their center. Also, they lack trains facilitators who knows how to use this materials.

          It is this lack of utilization of instructional materials in the teaching leaning process that prompted the researcher. To investigate instructional materials utilization and adult learners’ academic performance in Eket local government area.

 

Purpose of the Study

Generally, this study was on Assessment of the Availability and Utilization of Instructional Materials in Basic Literacy Programme. Specifically the study intend to;

  1. Determine the difference in the performance of adult learners taught with instructional chart and those taught without instructional chat
  2. To determine the difference in the performance of adult learners taught with instructional pictures and those taught without instructional pictures

 

Research Questions

The following research questions were raise in line with the specific objectives of the study

  1. What is the mean achievement scores of adult learners taught with instructional chat and those taught without instructional chat?
  2. What is the mean achievement scores of adult learners taught with instructional pictures and those taught without instructional pictures?

An Assessment of the Availability and Utilization of Instructional Materials in Basic Literacy Programme

Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant difference in the mean achievement scores of adult learners taught with instructional chart and those taught without it
  2. There is no significance difference in the mean achievement score of adult learners taught with instructional pictures and those taught without it.

 

Significant of the Study

          The use of instructional materials gives the learners opportunity to see, touch, smell or taste objects in the teaching learning process. Hence the significant of this study are to the learners, teachers, curriculum planners, educational system and the society at large.

          To the learners, the effective use of instructional materials would enable them to effectively learn and retain what they have learnt. Thereby advancing their performance in the subject in question. This is because according to Nwadinwe (2010). Learning is a process through which knowledge, skills habits, facts, ideas and principles are acquired, retained and utilized, and the only means of achieving this is through the use of instructional materials.

          The study would help enhance facilitators teaching effectiveness and productivity. This is in line with assertion of Ekwunme and Igwe (2011). Who noted that it is only the facilitator who will guarantee effective and adequate usage of instructional materials and thereby facilitate success. Consequently, a facilitator who makes use of appropriate  instructional materials to supplement his teaching. Which will help enhance learners innovative and creative thinking as well as help them become plausible spontaneous and enthusiastic.

Learners will be able to understand the functioning of the economy, interpret government’s economic policies and activity and perform economically better in the choice of life and work.

1.7     Scope of the Study

          The study focused on assessment of the availability and utilization of instructional materials in basic literacy program in Eket local government area of Akwa Ibom State.

 

1.8     Limitation of the Study

          There were some limiting factors in the conduct of this study which posed a challenge to the completion of the study on time. The challenges faced by the researcher were. Inadequate finance, insufficient research materials, and researchers’ academic work load, among others.


 1.9    Operational Definition of Terms

          The relevant terms below were operationally defined relative to their usage in this study.

Adult Education: a special kind of education that is offered to people who are no longer at school or college, but wish to study or learn a new skill, usually outside official school hours.

Availability: This refers to instructional materials available in use by adult learners and the teachers in the teaching and learning process. Which enhance efficiency and improve academic performance of adult learners.

Utilization: the act of using something to achieve a purpose

Instructional materials: what the teacher uses to makes lesson more interesting and understandable.

Facilitator: someone who instructs and teach in adult education programme.

Learners: a person studying in adult education programme.

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I am Prince Stephen. The admin of nairaschool.com.ng. I'm a passionate writer, editor and an experienced educational blogger who writes articles on education, educational research and school news. I based in Afaha Nsit, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

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